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Speleology is beautiful, but it can also be dangerous activity and potentially it can lead to accidents.Therefore, those who intend to engage in this activity are recommended to complete the course in a speleological association in order to get basic skills and knowledge for movement through the caves (climbing and descending on a rope), placing the rope in the pits, rescuer and similar.
Practice:
Regular visits to the caves, as well as regular trainings on caving techniques and self-healing techniques are basic requirements for practicing safe caving. If you make a longer break, and plan to go back to the caves, make shure you repeat all caving techniques on a rock in the daylight in the company of an experienced caver.
Before going in speleothems:

Tell your family or friends where exactly are you going, where it is located and how long you intend to stay there, so that thez could intervene and contact Mountain Rescue Service on time, in case of need. When selecting a speleological object, make sure that it correcsponds to your mental and physical preparedness and technical capacities. Get familiar with the hydrological specifics of the object and follow the weathe forecast. For example, in the spring and autumn when precipitation is the highest, do not go in the pits, cabes or any Semi submerged objects. .  

In case of the visit, it is recommended to study the morphology of the visted object, to know all team members, to evaluate in advance the length of the stay, and therefore provide all necessary technical equipment, extra clothes, food, and possibly equipment for bivouacing.  
Morphologically complex objects and caves (underground labyrinths) should be visited onlz if zou have the map, if you are experienced in the underground orientation or accompanied by experienced cavers. In case of the research, you should study the literature data, if any, about the caves in the surrounding area. According to available data, determine the amount of technical equipment, eventual equipment for bivouacing underground, staying in the base camp and the needs for extra equipment and food.
In the Caves:
- Adjust the speed of the underground movement according to the slowest team member
- Make sure you always have extra back-lighting and a sufficient amount of carbide
- It is recommended to use LED lights (with LEDs) for backup lighting because of its durability.
- If you have no lights - do not move, but wait until someone from the team comes to you and illuminate the space
- Always carry a knife and hoods, and for longer stays extra clothing, gloves and socks
- In caves, especially those of huge dimensions, there thould be at least three people in the group, in case that one is injuryed, the other stays with her, while the third goes for help.
- Use standard caving clothes (PVC or Cordura overalls, subclothes of fleece material, exclusively synthetic underwear and fleece socks or diving slippers, as well as rubber gloves) because it allows a more comfortable, safer and longer stay
- Along with standard personal equipment (belt, croll, bloquer with strap, descender, the umbilical cord and a few carabiners) also take the trap of 5 meters and pulley
- Always wear astrofoil, bandages and a few hanzaplast in the helmet
- Keep in mind that the hypothermia always occurs in caves and that it is always very important to warm up well yourself and/or exhausted or injured team member while you wait. Hypothermia is deadly.
- If you have to wait for a long time underground, sit down on the transport bag or something that will isolate the body from the ground, and the tool with the flame put between your legs and wrap with astrofoil .
- In the caves with ice and snow, pay special attention to frozen ropes (must use additional carabiner with the descent when climbing down), falling down and ice chipping, froyen fingers and toes.
 
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